Learn more about osteoarthritis

Pain and dryness in the joints are the problems that caused by osteoarthritis and today many people around the world are somehow struggling with this disease and its complications, so being aware of the symptoms and causes of osteoarthritis can be helpful in identifying and controlling the disease in first stages.

What is osteoarthritis?

It is a disease that can lead to pain and dryness in joints. Millions of people around the world suffer from this disease. Osteoarthritis causes damage to the cartilage that covers the bone, which in severe cases, the cartilage becomes so thin that the bones may begin to rub against each other; this would result in reducing the ability to lubricate the natural joint fluid in the joint and the cartilage. As a result, the joints no longer protect as they used to by cartilage. These conditions cause dryness, pain, swelling that can lead to difficulty in walking. Factors such as heredity, age, weight and joint damage play a very important role in the development of osteoarthritis.

Symptoms of osteoarthritis

o Feeling of pain, especially while moving

o Feeling dry, especially in the morning

o Feeling worn or cramped

o Restrictions on movement

o Inflation

How osteoarthritis affects the joints

Normally, smooth and firm cartilage tissue covers and protects the ends of bones. The fluid in the joint contains a substance called hyaluronate. This fluid works as "shock absorber" and "lubricant" and reduces the pressure on the joint and helps the joint to move properly.

When you get knee osteoarthritis

o Joint fluid may lose its ability to protect the joint

o the space between the joints would be reduced

o Cartilage may become porous and hollow, losing its protective effect on the bones. In the advanced stages of the disease, large parts of the cartilage may be completely destroyed and so the bones may be painfully rubbed against each other.

o Cartilage fractures may cause deformity of the joint, resulting in thick bone ends and bone spurs.

o Parts of the bone or cartilage may also float in the joint space, causing more injury and pain.

Possible causes of osteoarthritis

o Age

o Obesity

o Joint injury

o Genetics or heredity

o Muscle weakness

o Other diseases and other types of arthritis

Recommended treatments for osteoarthritis

o Physiotherapy, exercise and weight loss

o Analgesics such as Acetaminophen, Aspirin, Ibuprofen and Naproxen

o Intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid such as Synogel® or Viscor®

o Doctor-prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs such as Celecoxib and Meloxicam

o Intra-articular injection of steroids

o Joint surgery

Nikan Teb Kimia Company

As a knowledge-based pharmaceutical company, Nitka is focused on improving patients' lives by identifying, developing and commercializing new products. Our main goal is to produce products based on hyaluronic acid molecule for non-invasive orthopedic treatments.

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